The retina is a structure located inside the posterior pole of the eye. It consists of several layers of cells and has blood vessels. The main diseases that affect the retina are:
- Age-related macular degeneration, which is distinguished in dry and wet form, affects the central vision, and appears mainly after 65 years of age. The wet type is basically treated with intravitreal injections, while for the dry form there are some nutritional supplements that delay its development.
- Diabetic retinopathy, which occurs in diabetic patients, that is why fundoscopy is recommended every year in diabetic patients. Depending on the stage and damage of diabetic retinopathy, there are various therapeutic approaches such as laser on the retina or intravitreal injections in the eye.
- Hypertensive retinopathy, which occurs in patients with arterial hypertension, especially if it is unregulated. Depending on the stage and severity of the disease, there are various therapeutic approaches and a good regulation of blood pressure is also required.
- Retinal vein or artery occlusion, which usually occurs in vascular patients, is divided into central or branch type, and depending on the vessel that has been occluded and the consequences of the occlusion, there are various therapeutic approaches,
- Central serous chorioretinopathy, which usually occurs in young adults, and more often in men, requires monitoring with OCT and therapeutic intervention in the event of complications.
- Retinal detachment, in which the retina separates from its base, and depending on the cause (rupture, traction, etc.) basically requires surgical repair.
Retinal disease is suspected during history and clinical examination, and usually, in addition to fundusoscopy, an OCT scan is needed, by a machine that takes scans of the posterior pole of the eye. Depending on the condition, angiography may also be needed.
The clinic has a modern technology OCT device and also digital angiography, so there is no need to inject contrast fluid through the vein as was done with the old conventional fluoro angiography.